Regarding the different methods the Spiritual Guide (Murshid) may use to teach the Initiate (Murid), the venerable Khwaja Muhammad Nazim says,
"Knowledge comes in two ways. One is by listening from outside and using that in directing oneself on a way. But some knowledge comes from the heart, and this is more powerful in pushing one towards his target. In other words, if a command comes from outside, the ego doesn’t take care to keep it, but when it comes from yourself, it has more effect. The ego never likes to be commanded, but if it is coming from the heart, you see it as honorable.
You may listen to so many lessons, but really you are waiting for that command to come from yourself. Correct and Divine Guidance come with the second way. The Awliya may speak, but they also send inspiration to hearts. The Murshid may teach by inspiration. Then, one thinks about the knowledge coming, “I am thinking this.” The more we are purified, the more Divine Wisdom waves can be caught by our hearts’ ears.
The Prophet taught that if Man can keep his heart pure, and worship sincerely for forty days, then he may catch Divine Wisdom in his heart and may speak wisdom, which is the essence of knowledge."